Fungalpedia – Note 44 Millerozyma


Millerozyma Kurtzman & M. Suzuki

Citation if using this entry: Fallahi et al. (2023) New genera in 2010-2011. Mycosphere (in prep)

Index FungorumMycoBankGenBank, Fig1

To evaluate the evolutionary position of the yeast species of Pichia and species from nearby genera that make coenzyme Q-9, Kurtzman and Suzuki (2010surveyed the divergent domains of the large subunit (D1/D2) and the almost complete small subunit rDNA (18S rDNA). They proposed the genus Millerozyma in Debaryomycetaceae (Saccharomycetales), with two ascomycetous yeast species, Millerozyma acaciae, and Millerozyma farinosa. Later, Tammawong et al. (2010), based on phenotypic and phylogenetic data (based on D1/D2 domain of LSU rDNA and ITS), added Millerozyma phetchabunensis to this genus. They also transferred Pichia koratensis, which was placed in the Millerozyma clade, to Millerozyma as Millerozyma koratensisMallet et al. (2012) also proposed Millerozyma miso as a new species in this genus. The genus members are characterized by conjugated asci between a parent cell and its bud, or between independent cells, with 1‒4 ascospores that may be hat-shaped with a narrow brim or spherical to ovoid with a subequatorial ledge. Asexual reproduction occurs by multilateral budding. Pseudohyphae are developed but true hyphae are absent. Coenzyme Q9 is the major ubiquinone in the genus and the diazonium blue B test is negative (Kurtzman and Suzuki. 2010).

Fig 1– Micrograph of cells of Millerozyma miso (redrawn from Mallet et al. 2012). a vegetative cell grown on YPD agar. b Sporulating cells after two weeks on Malt agar. Scale bars= 5 µm. 


Type speciea: Millerozyma farinosa (Lindner) Kurtzman & M. Suzuki 

Other accepted species:

Millerozyma acaciae (Van der Walt) Kurtzman & M. Suzuki 

Millerozyma koratensis (Nakase, Jindam., Mikata, Ninomiya, H. Kawas. & Limtong) Tammaw., Ninomiya, H. Kawas., Boonchird 

Millerozyma miso Mogi ex S. Mallet, S. Weiss, N. Jacques & Casarég. 

Millerozyma phetchabunensis Tammaw., Ninomiya, H. Kawas., Boonchird & Sumpr.



Kurtzman CP, Suzuki M. 2010- Phylogenetic analysis of ascomycete yeasts that form coenzyme Q-9 and the proposal of the new genera Babjeviella, Meyerozyma, Millerozyma, Priceomyces, and Scheffersomyces. Mycoscience 51, 2-14.

Mallet S, Weiss S, Jacques N, Leh-Louis V, Sacerdot C, Casaregola S. 2012- Insights into the life cycle of yeasts from the CTG clade revealed by the analysis of the Millerozyma (Pichia) farinosa species complex. PLoS One 7, e35842.

Tammawong S, Ninomiya S, Kawasaki H, Boonchird C, Sumpradit T. 2010- Millerozyma phetchabunensis sp. nov., a novel ascomycetous yeast species isolated from Nam Nao forest soil in Thailand, and the transfer of Pichia koratensis to the genus Millerozyma. The Journal of General and Applied Microbiology 56, 37-42.


Entry by

Maryam Fallahi, Center of Excellence in Fungal Research, Mae Fah Luang
University, Chiang Rai 57100, Thailand.


(Edited by Kevin D Hyde and Ruvishika S. Jayawardena)