Fungalpedia – Note 166, Colligerites (Fossil Fungi)


Colligerites K.P. Jain & R.K. Kar.

Citation when using this data: Saxena RK & Hyde KD. 2024 (in prep) – Fungalpedia, Fossil Fungi. 

Index Fungorum, Facesoffungi, MycoBankGenBankFig. 1

Classification: Helicosporae, Fossil Fungi. 

Jain & Kar (1979) proposed Colligerites to accommodate C. kutchensis R.K. Kar & R.K. Saxena. (Basionym: Involutisporonites kutchensis R.K. Kar & R.K. Saxena.), described from the Matanomadh Formation (Palaeocene, 6656 mya) of Matanomadh, Kutch District, Gujarat, India, with the following diagnosis: Spores are multicellular, coiled, cells generally smaller, rounded in central region and more significant, rectangular in outer area. The spore wall is mostly laevigate, sometimes granulose. Pore may be present or absent in each cell. Three species are included in Index Fungorum (2023) under this genus.

Type species: Colligerites kutchensis (R.K. Kar & R.K. Saxena (



Figure 1  Colligerites kutchensis. Scale bar = 50 μm. Redrawn from Jain & Kar (1979)



Jain KP, Kar RK. 1979 – Palynology of Neogene sediments around Quilon and Varkala, Kerala coast, South India–I. Fungal remains. Palaeobotanist 26, 105–118. 


Entry by

Ramesh K. Saxena, Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences, Lucknow, India


(Edited by Kevin D. Hyde, Samaneh Chaharmiri-Dokhaharani, & Achala R. Rathnayaka)