Fungalpedia – Note 27 Speleostelium
Citation: Bhunjun et al. 2023 – Fungalpedia, genera described in 2018, Mycosphere (in press)
Speleostelium S. Baldauf, S. Sheikh & Thulin
Index Fungorum, Facesoffungi, MycoBank, GenBank, Fig. 1
Speleostelium is classified in Raperosteliaceae and comprises a single species, Speleostelium caveatum which is the type species (Sheikh et al. 2018). Speleostelium is morphologically similar to Tieghemostelium, Hagiwaraea and Raperostelium, but the genus is different from other genera based on small subunit rRNA gene (Sheikh et al. 2018). The sorocarps have hyaline, long, delicate stalks. The spores are ellipsoid, hyaline and granuled. The myxamoebae prey upon cells of other dictyostelids and prevent them from fruiting.
Type species: Speleostelium caveatum (Waddell et al.) S. Baldauf, S. Sheikh & Thulin
Basionym: Dictyostelium caveatum D.R. Waddell, Raper & A.W. Rahn
Fig 1. Speleostelium caveatum (type strain B4-3). a. Clustered sorocarps. b. Sorophores. c. Vegetative myxamoebae. d. Young aggregations formed without inflowing streams. e. Spores. Redrawn from Sheikh et al. (2018).
Sheikh S, Thulin M, Cavender JC, Escalante R et al. 2018 – A new classification of the Dictyostelids. Protist 169, 1–28. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S143446 1017300925
Phongeun Sysouphanthong, Center of Excellence in Fungal Research, Mae Fah Luang University, Thailand.
(Edited by Chitrabhanu S. Bhunjun and Kevin D. Hyde)