Fungalpedia – Note 223, Lichenoverruculina


Lichenoverruculina Etayo. 

Index FungorumFacesoffungiMycoBank, GenBank, Fig. 1

Citation when using this entry: Li et al. 2024 (in prep) – Fungalpedia, Xylariomycetidae. 

Classification: Hyponectriaceae, Amphisphaeriales, Xylariomycetidae, Sordariomycetes, Ascomycota, Fungi

Lichenoverruculina was introduced by Etayo & Sharuddin (2011) in Hyponectriaceae, Xylariales, Xylariomycetidae, Sordariomycetes which is a replaced name of Verruculina Etayo. Lichenoverruculina sigmatospora (≡ Metanectria sigmatospora) is the type species of the genus, collected from living specimens of Physcia in São Paulo (Spegazzini 1889). Lichenoverruculina is a lichenicolous fungus with immersed perithecia in the thallus of Heterodermia sp., and this genus is characterized by abundant paraphyses, cylindrical asci, 32-spored, 1-septate, hyaline ascospores, with long and attenuate at both ends (Spegazzini 1889, Etayo & Rosato 2008). Thus far, Lichenoverruculina is monotypic (Species Fungorum 2024). The DNA sequence data of the living type is not available in NCBI (; accessed on February 2024).

hyaline ascospores with long, attenuate ends.


immersed perithecia in the thallus of Heterodermia sp.,  abundant  paraphyses   and  1-septate, 

hyaline ascospores with long, attenuate ends.

Synonym: Verruculina Etayo.

Type speciesLichenoverruculina sigmatospora (Speg.) Etayo & Sharuddin (Basionym: Metanectria sigmatospora Speg.)


Figure 1 – Lichenoverruculina sigmatospora. Redrawn from Etayo & Rosato (2008). 



Etayo J, Rosato VG. 2008 – Observations on lichenicolous fungi described by Spegazzini. Lichenologist 40, 227–232. 

Etayo J, Sharuddin SS. 2011 – Verruculina and Lichenoverruculina nom. nov. Herzogia 24, 379–380. 

Spegazzini C. 1889 – Fungi Puiggariani. Pugillus 1. Boletín de la Academia Nacional de Ciencias en Cór.doba. 11, 381–622 


Entry by

Yanxia Li, Innovative Institute for Plant Health/ Key Laboratory of Green Prevention and Control on Fruits and Vegetables in South China, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering, Guangzhou, 510225, China.

School of Science, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai, Thailand, 57100

Center of Excellence in Fungal Research, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai, Thailand, 57100


(Edited by Mingkwan DoilomKevin D. Hyde, Samaneh Chaharmiri-Dokhaharani, & Achala R. Rathnayaka)