Fungalpedia – Note 236, Echinophallus


Echinophallus Henn.

            Citation if using this entry: Khyaju et al. 2025 (in prep.) – Fungalpedia, Basidiomycota.

Index FungorumMycobank, Facesoffungi, GenBank, Fig.1

Classification: Phallaceae, Phallales, Phallomycetidae, Agaricomycetes, Agaricomycotina, Basidiomycota, Fungi

            Echinophallus is a genus within the Phallaceae family. Echinophallus was established by Hennings (1898) to accommodate the terrestrial fungus, Echinophallus lauterbachii (He et al. 2019). Echinophallus is regarded as a phalloid and monotypic genus that is distinctive in bears spinulose volva and unextended stipes (Kobayasi 1937). Morphologically, Echinophallus exhibits a primitive type because the basidiomata remains an egg, even at maturity (Kobayasi 1937). Index Fungorum (2024) reports a total of three records of Echinophallus, whereas Wijayawardene et al. (2022) accepted only one species. 

            Type species: Echinophallus lauterbachii (Henn.) Henn.

Basionym: Ithyphallus lauterbachii Henn.

Figure 1− Echinophallus lauterbachii. a Median section of basidiomata. b Basidia and basidiospores. c Part of the pileus showing a reticulated surface. Scale bar: a = ×5, b = ×3000, c = ×11. Photo credit: follow the original literature by drawn from Kobayasi (1937).



He MQ, Zhao RL, Hyde KD, Begerow D, et al. 2019 − Notes, outline and divergence times of Basidiomycota. Fungal Diversity 99, 105–367

Kobayasi Y 1937 – Fungi Austro-Japoniae et Micronesiae. I. Shokubutsugaku Zasshi, 51(609), 749–758

Wijayawardene NN, Hyde KD, Al-Ani LKT, Tedersoo L, et al. 2020 – Outline of Fungi and fungus-like taxa. Mycosphere, Journal of Fungal Biology, 11(1), 1060–1456.


Entry by:

Sabin Khyaju, Center of Excellence in Fungal Research, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai, Thailand


(Edited by Thatsanee Luangharn, Samaneh Chaharmiri-Dokhaharani, & Achala R. Rathnayaka)