Fungalpedia – Note 85 Coprotaceae


Coprotaceae U. Lindem. & Van Vooren

Citation when using this entryLi CJY et al., in prep – Fungalpedia, Discomycetes 1. Mycosphere.

Index FungorumFacesoffungiMycoBankGenBank, Fig 1

Based on multiple-gene analyses of LSU, tef1 and rpb2 sequence data by Hansen et al. (2013), Boubovia Svrček and Coprotus Korf & Kimbr. formed a sister lineage to Ascodesmidaceae J. Schröt. Despite previous results, Jaklitsch et al. (2016) and Ekanayaka et al. (2018) suggested integrating them into Ascodesmidaceae. Following subsequent analyses by Lindemann et al. (2019)Van Vooren (2021) erected Coprotaceae to accommodate them. Coprotaceae species are usually found on dung of herbivores and omnivorous animals, rarely on soil, duff and rotten leaves (Kušan et al. 2018). They are found in eastern and southwestern Asia, Europe, and the USA (Kušan et al. 2018). There are 35 species in Coprotaceae, including 28 Boubovia species and seven Coprotus species (Index Fungorum 2023). Van Vooren (2021) established Coprotaceae, with Coprotus as the type genus and Coprotus sexdecimsporus as the type species. Coprotaceae is characterized by glabrous and sessile apothecia, mostly bent to uncinate paraphyses with numerous refractive bodies when live, operculate, 8–256-spored, inamyloid asci, and uni- or irregularly biseriate, ellipsoid ascospores with De Bary bubbles when dry. The phylogenetic evidence of multiple-loci analyses show it as an independent lineage sister to Ascodesmidaceae (Lindemann et al. 2019Van Vooren 2021). The taxonomic placement of Coprotaceae is in Pezizales (Pezizomycetes).

Type species: Coprotus sexdecimsporus (P. Crouan & H. Crouan) Kimbr. & Korf

Other accepted species: see Species Fungorum, search Coprotus for names.



Figure 1 – Coprotus sexdecimsporus (CNF 2/8394 and CNF 2/894). a Excipular and marginal tissue. b Ascus. c Paraphyses. d Ascospores. Scale bars: a = 20 μm, b–d = 10 μm (re-drawn from Kušan et al. 2018).



Ekanayaka AH, Hyde KD, Jones EG, Zhao Q. 2018 – Taxonomy and phylogeny of operculate discomycetes: Pezizomycetes. Fungal Diversity 90, 161–243.

Hansen K, Perry BA, Dranginis AW, Pfister DH. 2013 – A phylogeny of the highly diverse cup-fungus family Pyronemataceae (PezizomycetesAscomycota) clarifies relationships and evolution of selected life history traits. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 67, 311–335.

Index Fungorum (2023) Available at: (Accessed on 11 June 2023)

Jaklitsch WM, Baral HO, Lücking R, Lumbsch HT, Frey W. 2016 – Syllabus of Plant Families–Adolf Engler’s Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien. Borntraeger: Stuttgart, Germany, 288pp.

Kušan I, Matočec N, Jadan M, Tkalčec Z, Mešić A. 2018 – An overview of the genus Coprotus (PezizalesAscomycota) with notes on the type species and description of C. epithecioides sp. nov. MycoKeys 29, 15–47. 

Lindemann U, Fellmann B, Castillo JA. 2019 – Pseudocoprotus gen. nov. – eine neue Gattung für Cheilymenia catenipila J. Moravec. 11, 17–24.

Van Vooren N. 2021 – Nomenclatural novelties in Pezizales. Ascomycete. org 13, 83–84. 


Entry by

Li CJY, Yunnan Key Laboratory of Fungal Diversity and Green Development, Key Laboratory for Plant Diversity and Biogeography of East Asia, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, Yunnan 650201, China and Center of Excellence in Fungal Research, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai, 57100, Thailand; School of Science, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai 57100, Thailand


(Edited by K. W. Thilini Chethana & Kevin D. Hyde)