Fungalpedia – Note 163 Chaetosphaerites

 

Chaetosphaerites Felix

Citation when using this data: Saxena RK & Hyde KD in prep – Fungalpedia, Fossil Fungi. Mycosphere.

Classification: Fossil Ascomycota

Index FungorumMycoBank

Felix (1894) instituted Chaetosphaerites from the Eocene sediments (56–34 mya) of Perekeschkul, near Baku, Azerbaijan. Felix (1894) stated that “Some of the silicified spores are characterized particularly by the two middle cells being dark brown, the two end cells pale brown. Since the boundaries of the respective colours coincide exactly with the sharp delimitations of the individual segments, it is probably not justified to assume that the differences in shade only resulted from the state of preservation. It is unlikely, particularly in view of the minute size of the objects, for differences to occur in the state of preservation of the individual parts”. The spores are is strongly obtuse spindle-shaped, almost like that of a cylinder with rounded ends. They probably are 4-celled, but the central septum is not clearly visible due to the dark colouration. Spores are 23.8 μm x 8.5 μm. The two median, darker cells are larger, with a combined length of 14.8 μm.

Spores like these are found in many modern ascomycete genera in Sordariomycetes (e.g., Ascotaiwania, Chaetosphaeria, Savoryella, Jones et al. 2019) and Dothideomycetes (e.g. Paucispora, Thambugala et al. 2015) and some asexual genera (Versicolorisporium, Wijayawardene et al. 2016).

Synonym: Cannanorosporonites Ramanujam & Rao

Type species: Chaetosphaerites bilychnis Felix.

 

 

Figure 1 – Chaetosphaerites bilychnis. Scale bar = 5 μm (redrawn from Felix 1894)

 

References

Felix J. 1894 – Studien über fossile Pilze. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 46, 269–280. 

Jones EBG, Pang KL, Abdel-Wahab MA, Scholz B et al. 2019 – An online resource for marine fungi. Fungal Diversity 96, 347–433

Ramanujam CGK, Rao. KP. 1978 – Fungal spores from the Neogene strata of Kerala in South India, 291–304. In: Bharadwaj D.C. et al. (Editors) – Proceedings of the 4th International Palynological Conference, Lucknow 1976–77, Volume 1, Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany, Lucknow.

Thambugala KM, Hyde KD, Tanaka K, Tian Q et al. 2015 – Towards a natural classification and backbone tree for Lophiostomataceae, Floricolaceae, and Amorosiaceae fam. nov. Fungal Diversity 74, 199–266

Wijayawardene NN, Hyde KD, Wanasinghe DN, Papizadeh M et al. 2016 – Taxonomy and phylogeny of dematiaceous coelomycetes. Fungal Diversity 77, 1–316

 

Entry by

Ramesh K. SaxenaBirbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences, Lucknow, India

 

Edited by Kevin D. Hyde