Fungalpedia – Note 160 Ceratohirudispora


Ceratohirudispora R. Kar, Mand. & R.K. Kar

Citation when using this data: Saxena RK & Hyde KD in prep – Fungalpedia, Fossil Fungi. Mycosphere.

Classification: Fossil fungi

Index FungorumMycoBank

Kar et al. (2010) instituted Ceratohirudispora from the Bhuban Formation (Early Miocene, 23–16 mya) of Tlangsam, Mizoram, India with the following diagnosis “Hyphomycetaceous fungi, conidiophore small, growth terminated by production of apical conidium; conidium enlarges laterally in opposite direction to produce two–three arms, conidia 5–10 celled, septa up to 2 μm thick, with broad base and narrow tip.” Conidia of C. miocenica Kar et al. 2010 (Type) is two-armed and V-shaped (Fig. 1a) whereas the same of C. triradiata Kar et al. 2010 is three-armed and triradiate (Fig. 1b). The nature of the spores (Figs 1a,b) indicate that they are two sperate genera.

Type species: Ceratohirudispora miocenica R. Kar, Mand. & R.K. Kar.


Figure 1 – a. Ceratohirudispora miocenica. Scale bar = 10 μm; b. Ceratohirudispora triradiataScale bar = 10 μm (both figures redrawn from Kar, Mandaokar & Kar 2010).



Kar R, Mandaokar BD, Kar RK. 2010 – Fungal taxa from the Miocene sediments of Mizoram, northeast India. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 158, 240–249.


Entry by

Ramesh K. SaxenaBirbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences, Lucknow, India


Edited by Kevin D. Hyde