Fungalpedia – Note 248, Barriopsis


Barriopsis A.J.L. Phillips, A. Alves & Crous.

Citation when using this entry: Aumentado et al. 2024 (in prep) – Fungalpedia, plant pathogens. 

Index FungorumFacesoffungiMycoBankGenBank, Fig 1.

Classification: Botryosphaeriaceae, Botryosphaeriales, Incertae sedis, Dothideomycetes, Pezizomycotina, Ascomycota, Fungi

 Barriopsis was introduced by Phillips et al. (2008), based on morphological characteristics and molecular sequence data. Initially, Barriopsis was classified as Physalospora by Stevens (1926), but it was later transferred to Phaeobotryosphaeria by Petrak & Deighton (1952). Barriopsis considered by Stevens (1926) and Petrak & Deighton (1952) did not have apiculi on its ascospores and were not comparable to Phaeobotryosphaeria, which had small, hyaline apiculi on the ascospores. von Arx & Muller (1954) considered Phaeobotryosphaeria as a synonym of Botryosphaeria. Phillips et al. (2008) initially designated Barriopsis fusca, (N.E. Stevens) A.J.L. Phillips, A. Alves & Crous derived from Physalospora fusca (Stevens 1926), as the type species of Barriopsis. However, this designation was inadvertently invalidated when Botryosphaeria disrupta (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Arx, & E. Mull. was included as a synonym (Phillips et al. 2013). Hyde et al. (2013) accepted Barriopsis as a genus in Botryosphaeriaceae. Moreover, Wijayawardene et al. (2017) validated the genus Barriopsis and introduced Barriopsis stevensiana A.J.L. Phillips & Pennycook as the new type species, replacing B. fusca

Barriopsis are characterised by ascomata that are pseudothecial in nature, dispersed or grouped. They range from brown to black and have walls constructed from multiple layers of angular cells. Pseudoparaphyses are hyaline, smooth, have multiple septa, and are constricted. The asci are bitunicate, clavate with a stipe, and are characterised by thick walls with a substantial endotunica and a well-formed apical chamber. The ascospores lack septa and are ellipsoid to ovoid in shape. As they mature, they turn brown and do not possess terminal apiculi (Phillips et al. 2008). The distinguishing feature of the dark brown, aseptate ascospores of B. stevensiana is their clear differentiation from the light brown ascospores of B. disrupta sensu von Arx & Muller (1954). Additionally, ascospores are distinct from hyaline ascospores of Botryosphaeria disrupta (Berkeley 1876).  

Barriopsis was established and identified as the sister taxon to Phaeobotryon, utilising molecular sequence data from SSU, ITS, LSU, tef1-α, and tub2 (Phillips et al. 2008). Barriopsis iraniana was introduced by Abdollahzadeh et al. (2009), based on ITS and tef1-α sequence data. Barriopsis tectonae was introduced by Doilom et al. (2014), based on ITS, tub2, and tef1-α sequence data. Barriopsis archontophoenicis was reported by Konta et al. (2016) utilising ITS, LSU, SSU, and tef1-α sequence data. Tibpromma et al. (2017) introduced B. thailandica using ITS and tef1-α sequence data. Five species were accepted based on a combination of morphological and molecular sequence data based on ITS and tef1-α (Jayawardena et al. 2020). 

Barriopsis species primarily act as saprophytes and display limited or weak pathogenicity (Phillips et al. 2008, 2013). A pathogenicity test was conducted on Tectona grandis twigs which incited a small lesion (Doilom et al. 2020).  While Barriopsis species possess pathogenic potential, their capacity to cause disease is not fully understood, highlighting the need for further research (Abdollahzadeh et al. 2009, Jayawardena et al. 2020). Barriopsis stevensiana and B. iraniana have been isolated from branches, fruits, and leaves exhibiting various disease symptoms, such as dieback, canker, rot, and necrosis (Abdollahzadeh et al. 2009). These symptoms have been observed in plant hosts such as Citrus species, Cupressus sempervirens, Mangifera indica, and Olea species (Abdollahzadeh et al. 2009). Species within this genus might emerge as significant pathogens in the future (Jayawardena et al. 2020). 

Type species: Barriopsis stevensiana AJL Phillips & Pennycook

Other accepted species: 


Figure 1 – Barriopsis stevensiana. a Ascomata cut through horizontally. b Sections through ascomata. c Mature asci with ascospores. c Ascus with ascospores. d Ascospores. Scale bars: a = 200 μm; c = 20 μm; d, e = 10 μm. Redrawn from Phillips et al. (2008) and Hyde et al. (2020).



Abdollahzadeh J, Goltapeh EM, Javadi A, Shams-Bakhsh M et al. 2009 – Barriopsis iraniana and Phaeobotryon cupressi: two new species of the Botryosphaeriaceae from trees in Iran. Persoonia-Molecular Phylogeny and Evolution of Fungi, 23(1), 1–8.

Berkeley MJ. 1876 – Notices of North American fungi. Grevillea, 4, 105–106.

Doilom MW, Shuttleworth LA, Roux J, Chukeatirote E et al. 2014 – Barriopsis tectonae sp. nov. a new species of Botryosphaeriaceae from Tectona grandis (teak) in Thailand. Phytotaxa, 176, 81–91.

Dong W, Doilom M, Hyde KD, Phillips A et al. 2020 – Pathogenicity of five Botryosphaeriaceae species isolated from Tectona grandis (teak): the pathogenic potential of Lasiodiplodia species. Asian Journal of Mycology, 3(1), 399–407.

Hyde KD, Jones EG, Liu JK, Ariyawansa H et al. 2013 –  Families of Dothideomycetes. Fungal Diversity, 63, 1–313.

Hyde KD, de Silva NI, Jeewon R, Bhat DJ et al. 2020 – AJOM new records and collections of fungi: 1-100. Asian Journal of Mycology 3(1), 22–294

Jayawardena RS, Hyde KD, Chen YJ, Papp V et al. 2020 – One stop shop IV: taxonomic update with molecular phylogeny for important phytopathogenic genera: 76–100 (2020). Fungal Diversity, 103, 87–218.

Konta S, Phillips AJL, Bahkali AH, Jones EBG et al. 2016 – Botryosphaeriaceae from palms in Thailand-Barriopsis archontophoenicis sp nov, from Archontophoenix alexandrae. Mycosphere, 7, 921–932.

Petrak F, Deighton FC. 1952 – Beiträge zur Pilzefora von Sierra Leone. Sydowia. 6, 309–322.

Phillips AJL, Alves A, Pennycook SR, Johnston PR et al. 2008 – Resolving the phylogenetic and taxonomic status of dark-spored teleomorph genera in the Botryosphaeriaceae. Persoonia, 21, 29–55.

Phillips AJL, Alves A, Abdollahzadeh J, Slippers B et al. 2013 – The Botryosphaeriaceae: genera and species known from culture. Stud Mycol. 76, 51–167.

Stevens NE. 1926 – Two species of Physalospora on citrus and other hosts. Mycologia, 18(5), 206–17.

Tibpromma S, Hyde KD, Jeewon R, Maharachchikumbura SS et al. 2017 – Fungal diversity notes 491–602: taxonomic and phylogenetic contributions to fungal taxa. Fungal Diversity, 83, 1–261.

von Arx JA, Müller E. 1954 – Die Gattungen der amerosporen Pyrenomyceten. Beiträge zur Kryptogamenfora der Schweiz, 11, 1–434.

Wijayawardene NN, Hyde KD, Rajeshkumar KC, Hawksworth DL et al. 2017 – Notes for genera: Ascomycota. Fungal Diversity, 86, 1–594.


Entry by

Herbert Dustin R. Aumentado, Center of Excellence in Fungal Research and School of Science, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai, Thailand 


(Edited by Ruvishika S. Jayawardena, Kevin D. Hyde, Samaneh Chaharmiri-Dokhaharani, & Achala R. Rathnayaka)